The steering wheel – that one cardinal tool or system to any vehicle. Even when kids drive an imaginary car the presence of a steering wheel is all too clear. It seems impossible to drive a car without a steering wheel.
“ Steering wheels are used in most new vehicles, including all cars, as well as buses, light and heavy trucks, and tractors. The steering wheel is the part of the steering system that is manipulated by the driver; the rest of the steering system responds to such driver inputs. This can be through direct mechanical contact as in recirculating ball or rack and pinion steering gears, without or with the assistance of hydraulic power steering, HPS, or as in some modern production cars with the assistance of computer-controlled motors, known as Electric Power Steering.”
History of the Steering Wheel
Near the start of the 18th century, a large number of sea vessels appeared using the ship’s wheel design, but historians are unclear when that approach to steering was first used. The first automobiles were steered with a tiller, but in 1894, Alfred Vacheron took part in the Paris–Rouen race with a Panhard 4 hp model which he had fitted with a steering wheel. That is believed to be one of the earliest employments of the principle. – Wikipedia”
The steering system converts the rotation of the steering wheel into a swiveling movement of the road wheels in such a way that the steering-wheel rim turns a long way to move the road wheels a short way.
Most new cars have power steering systems where hydraulic pump assist in the steering action making it easier to turn the steering wheel at low driving speed.
To ensure effortless power steering, you should always keep an eye on your power steering fluid.